- Sumerian's were the oldest known civilization
- they wrote in cuneiform.
- Sumerian people gave us two things: writing and laws.
- Code of Hammurabi - an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
- they wrote the history of mankind. Genesis! They describe where the garden of Eden was. It was in Mesopotamia.
- You can't have civilization without and oasis
- Death is the most important thing of Egyptian culture
- Pharaoh was GOD ON EARTH. He controlled everything in Egypt.
- Ka - human spirit, meaning in life.
- Hearts are weighed against a feather. This decides your afterlife.
- Gods would accompany you into the land of the dead
- Nile River floods every year for 4 months making the land suitable for farming
- "Egypt is a gift of the Nile" -Herodotus
- Pharoah was responsible for the rise and fall of the Nile
- the water from the monsoon brings fresh water and silt.
- lived on Crete (island of Greece)
- sacrifice of boys and girls to the Minotaur.
- mighty palaces on Crete
- a volcano erupted and ripped apart the island. This volcano created tsunamis and thick clouds full of sulfurous gas. Extreme temperature changes occurred. THERA (Santorini) was the volcano that exploded. Today, there is just a huge hole in the middle of the island.
- Trojan War! Achilles vs Trojans.
- Purim was the king of Troy at the time.